BOURGEOISIE is a modern class of means of production owners who exploit labour of other people. Bourgeoisie includes owners of factories, plants and other enterprises and instruments of labour and shareholders of different enterprises. In spoken language they are called “bourgeois”, “the rich”, “capitalists”. According to amount of exploited workers (thus, of property size) bourgeoisie is divided into large, middle and petty bourgeoisie. The richest representatives of large bourgeoisie who possess great financial resources are called financial oligarchy.
PROLETARIAT is a class of manual and mental labour workers who don’t possess any means of production and have to sell their labour force to the bourgeoisie. In spoken language they are called “working people”, “workers”.
CLASS STRUGGLE is struggle between social classes which have opposite interests; it is a form of development of all antagonistic societies based on private property. Within terms of capitalism class struggle spreads between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. Class struggle is divided into economic struggle (struggle of the proletariat and other supressed classes for improvement of labour conditions within capitalism), political struggle (directed to overthrow of the bourgeoisie and ectablishment of dictatorship of the proletariat) and theoretical struggle (struggle against pseudo-scientific of ideologists-apologists of capitalist formation).
SOCIAL REVOLUTION is a passage of the state power from hands of one class to hands of another class, a qualitative leap in society development. Revolutions signify transition of society within its development from one socio-economic formation to another that is more progressive. Social revolutions are inherent only in class society, they are a natural result of development of class society. The highest form of social revolution is proletarian revolution contents of which is determined by transition of the power from hands of the bourgeoisie to hands of the proletariat. Overthrow of the bourgeoisie and establishment of dictatorship of the proletariat is a necessary condition for transition from capitalism to socialism.
SOCIALISM is abolishment of classes, a theoretically necessary and practically inevitable period of transition from capitalism to a classless (communist) society.
COMMUNISTS are the most conscious and organized part of proletariat realizing its activity on the base of marxist-leninist teaching. Thus, the main aims of communists are; 1) improvement of status of the proletariat within capitalism; 2) organization of proletariat for struggle for its supremacy and overthrow of bourgeoisie; 3) establishment of dictatorship of the proletariat, abolishment of private property of means of production, transition from capitalism to socialism; 4) abolishment of classes, disappearance of state and creating of the classless society.
Communists’ struggle for improvement of economic status of the proletariat within capitalism has certain limits. The bourgeoisie can make some concessions under attack of the proletariat, but it can’t waive high profits because of its predatory social nature. Unemployment is not only illness of capitalism but its necessary condition. So, real liberation of all working people may occur only under condition of abolishment of capitalist way of production, under condition of liquidation of private property of means of production.
Communists are revolutionaries by their nature because they understand that taking of the power by the proletariat may occur only by revolutionary way (both in its contents and in its form) as a result of a qualitative leap in the society development.
It is obvious that political figures who propagate parliamentarianism as the only way of struggle are very remotely connected with communists (only by their name and form); essentially, they use the name of communists for making fools of working people and delaying of unevitable collapse of the bourgeois society.
The author of translation: M.Donchenko
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